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The coast is much indented - with many beautiful anchorages and ports - and for the most part falls steeply down to the sea. The inhabitants live by farming and fishing. In antiquity iron was mined on the island.
The two main ports are Mericha and Loutra. Mericha - only minutes sailing away from the oddly shaped Sandbar Bay - is the smaller of the two. Loutra on the north-east nowadays even has a new harbour with new moles providing the best protection from the Meltemi on the island. The mineral baths after which the port took its name, are unfortunately no longer in use. The mineral springs were already frequented in Roman times and can still be seen as (covered) streams that flow towards the port.
The anchorages in Stefanos Bay are also worth visiting.
The two charming inland villages, Chora (Kythnos town) and the lively little Dryopis, can best be visited by scooter or bike.